Nonpolar lipid molecules of triglycerides

Triglycerides are nonpolar lipid molecules composed of a glycerol molecule associated with three fatty acid (FA) molecules, and they represent the main form of lipid storage and used as an energy source by human body.

Triglycerides are the lipids commonly known as fat, oil grease, shortening, lard, tallow, suet, ghee, and a verity of other names around the world. A bottle of soybean oil, for example, is pure triglycerides.

In general, the term “fat” used to describe triglycerides that are solid at room temperature and “oil” of they are liquid at room temperature.

Triglycerides are a type of fat. They enter human blood when:
• extra calories that being eaten are not used for energy.
• eaten excess fat in human diet.
• they are released from the fat already stored in human body.

Fats and oils are actually mixtures of many different types of triglycerides with different chemical properties, which explains why some mixtures are solid and some are liquid.

Triglycerides provide energy to the body and are found throughout the food supply in both animals and plant products. Cholesterol is another dietary lipid, but it is found only in animal products and cholesterol does not exist in the plant kingdom.

High levels of triglycerides in human blood can increase the chance to develop heart disease. Triglycerides do not build up in the arteries like bad cholesterol (LDL). Instead, high levels can make LDL cholesterol change into a more harmful form that damages the arteries.

If triglycerides level 500 mg/dL or more, the person are at risk for pancreatitis. Pancreatitis can cause many other health problems and may be life-threatening.

They are synthesized primarily through the glycerol phosphate pathway, and the traffic of triglycerides in specific tissues, such as muscle, liver, and adipose tissue, depends on the nutritional state of the individual, and is a biological process that is essential for life. An imbalance in this process may lead to various metabolic disorders, such as obesity, lipotoxicity, or hypertriglyceridemia.
Nonpolar lipid molecules of triglycerides

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